patient pain in gum cause of gum disease

What Is Gum Disease and What You Can Do About It

Apr 27, 2020

If you have visited the dentist near you and found out that you have gum disease, you are not alone. Gum disease affects millions of Americans in one form or another. Currently, the advanced stages of gum disease affect American adults, especially above 30 years.

Gum disease can range from gum inflammation to severe illnesses that can affect your bones and soft tissue that support your teeth. In some cases, you can even lose your teeth.

There are times when you will spot a bit of blood after brushing your teeth; this is one of the first signs of gum problems. Do not lose heart; various cutting edge treatments can help prevent further damage to your gums.

What Do You Know About Gum Disease?

Gum disease is known as periodontitis in dentistry. The word periodontitis refers to inflammation or infection “around the tooth.” Periodontitis is the advanced stage of gum disease.

The milder form of gum disease is known as gingivitis, which is inflammation of the gingiva or the gums. This disease occurs because of bacteria or plaque that collects on the teeth. The bacterial plaque also accumulates in the spaces surrounding your teeth. When the plaque isn’t removed, it hardens to form calculus.

Gingivitis is the type of periodontal infection that isn’t destructive. Although, if you do not seek gingivitis treatment early, it will progress to periodontitis.

It is important to note that periodontitis can be prevented when you have healthy oral habits.

Signs and Symptoms

It is not uncommon to have gingivitis, but it is unusual for many people to have periodontitis. The reason is that the majority of people take care of their teeth. It is, however, essential to identify these signs that you may catch gingivitis early and hopefully prevent it from progressing.

Some of the signs include:

  • Loose teeth
  • Pus oozing from the gums
  • Receding gums
  • Chronic bad breath
  • Swollen, tender or bleeding gums
  • Pain when chewing
  • Sensitive teeth
  • Shifting or wiggling teeth

Treatment

How to treat periodontal disease is the million-dollar question. If that’s the question in your mind, then you need to know that there are a plethora of treatment options. There are surgical and non-surgical treatments.

Non-surgical Treatments

Gum disease treatment that does not involve surgery are:

  • Deep Cleaning

This is a procedure that includes deep cleaning that is done under local anesthesia. The tartar and plaque which accumulate below and above the gum line are scraped away – a process known as scaling. Then there is the smoothing of the rough spots of the tooth – a method known as planning.

When scaling is done, the film of bacteria is removed, leaving a clean surface upon which gums can reattach the teeth.

  • Professional Dental Cleaning

When you go for a routine dental checkup, our dentist will remove the plaque from below and above the gum line. During the visit, our dentist will determine whether you might need deep cleaning. You should know that cleaning isn’t a treatment for gum disease. But, dental cleaning can help prevent further development of the disease.

  • Medication

Our dentist can prescribe different types of antibiotics that can help control the infection. The medication can be in a gel or tablet form.

Surgical Treatment

Here are some of the surgical treatments:

  • Flap Surgery

After you have undergone deep cleaning, if the gum doesn’t fit tightly around the tooth, and you have difficulty keeping the pockets clean, then you will need flap surgery or periodontal pocket reduction. The deep pockets can harbor bacteria, so our dentist will fold the gum to remove the bacteria and smooth the damaged bones. This helps the gum reattach itself to healthy bone.

  • Gum Grafts

This is done to either fill spaces where receded gums occupied or reinforce thin gums. The grafted tissue is taken from the roof of your mouth.

  • Bone Grafts

The procedure involves using your bone fragments that are taken from a different part of your body, donated bone, or synthetic bone to replace the bone damaged by periodontitis.

  • Guided Tissue Regeneration

The procedure stimulates the gum tissue and bone growth that have been destroyed by periodontitis. The procedure is done in tandem with flap surgery. The mesh-like fabric is placed in the area between the gum tissue and the bone. This material then stops the gum tissue from growing in the area that the bone is supposed to occupy. Therefore, allowing the bone to grow to provide more support for the tooth.

If you see any signs of gum problems, do not postpone the issue since the disease can quickly progress. If you are looking for a dentist near you who can treat gum disease, contact Brechon Dental to book an appointment.

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